General George S. Patton, Jr. led a reconnaissance party through the desert in 1942, reportedly stating he had not seen one inhabitant in four days. This led to the establishment of the Desert Training Center (DTC) and California-Arizona Maneuver Area (C-AMA): 31,500 square miles, or 35 million acres, of desert, Camp Bouse is an area several miles square located 20 miles east of Bouse. The most secretive, heavily guarded military units in the United States Army came to Bouse in March 1943 and left the end of April 1944. Camp Bouse was so extremely top secret, it was not listed with the dozen other training camps and to this day, historian/authors often miss Camp Bouse when writing about the DTC. Troop movement was extremely restricted -- once in Camp Bouse, there was no chance of transferring out.
During the time it was operational thousands of troops from the 9th Tank Group occupied Camp Bouse. Commanded by Colonel Joseph Gilbreth and composed of the 701st, 736th, 738th, 740th, 748th Tank Battalions (medium special) 526th, (medium Special) Amored Infantry Battalion; 15th Station Hospital (150 bed); 554th Ordinance Heavy Maintenace Company (Tank); 166th Quartermaster's Battalion (mobile) Headquarters, 9th and 10th Headquarters, Headquarters Detachment; and the 629th Quartermasters Laundry (two sections) and including both American and British troops, .
They tested a top secret weapon system mounted on top a tank turret known as the 'Gizmo'. Troops were told it would "change the course of the war." The Canal Defense Light (CDL) project was started at the request of the British military. Following a large scale slaughter suffered by British Troops by machine gun fire in WWI, a British officer proposed mounting a strobing searchlight on a tank that would allow advancing troops an advantage and blind the enemy defenders.
The British considered American tanks better suited to handle the mounting of the `3 million candle power lights. The only successful deployment of the Gizmo came after the war, when British troops used them to quell riots in Calcutta in 1946. The last known surviving version of the British CDL turret mounted upon the M3 Grant Tank is located in India at an Amoured Corps Museum. A model of the Canal Defense Light (CDL) turret was built by Marty Sliva whose father served with the 738th tank Battalion, Company B at Camp Bouse and donated for display to the Bouse Museum in February 2012 --- just in time for the annual Bouse Days Ceremony.
The real secret was not so much the weapon, but the strategy involved. Some who served at Camp Bouse believe they were left sterile from the powerful carbon arc lamps of Gizmo. Gold miners working active claims in the mountains around Camp Bouse were encouraged to evacuate -- usually a little over-their-heads target practice encouraged their departure. Even all the dogs in Bouse, 25 miles away, were rounded up and relocated.
This video is almost 30 minutes long and was recorded during a tour
of Camp Bouse with John Bennet (vice president of the Bouse Chamber of Commerce) andconducted annually during the Camp Bouse Days weekend
A BRIEF HISTORY
September 1, 1939 - World War II breaks out in Europe
December 7, 1941 - Japan attacks Pearl Harbor
1942 - Poston Japanese Internment Camp opens along the Colorado River
1942 - General George S. Patton, Jr. led a reconnaissance party through the desert in the autumn of 1942
This led to the establishment of the Desert Training Center (DTC) and California-Arizona Maneuver Area (C-AMA): 31,500 square miles, or 35 million acres, of desert in southeastern California, western Arizona and southern Nevada.
1943 - Fighting ends in North Africa
1943 - Desert Training Center annexes an additional 11,000 square miles.
August, 1943 - Troops begin arriving in Bouse, Arizona. One trooper reported, "It was so hot, you could fry an egg in your hand."
April 1, 1944 - Camp Bouse declared surplus
April 30, 1944 - Desert Training Center land returned to Department of Interior and private landowners.
May 8, 1945 - Germany surrendered
August 6, 1945 - United States bombed Hiroshima
August 9, 1945 - United States bombed Nagasaki
August 14, 1945 - Japan Surrendered
Come visit! The first full weekend in February,
The Bouse Chamber of Commerce hosts an annual Camp Bouse Dedication at the tank memorial site on Highway 72 Saturday, and a Camp Bouse tour & picnic Sunday. Bring your ATV or 4-wheel drive and join the fun.
East of Hwy 72, drive north east on Main Street to the stop sign. Turn left on Rayder, which turns into Swansea Road. Go 2.2 miles to the Bouse Y trail head (look for the BLM information sign on the left) and continue on the Swansea Road (left fork).
Camp Bouse is approximately 25 miles from Bouse, accessible by four-wheel drive or ATV. Passenger vehicles might make the trip, but there is deep sand along the way.